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Bio Energy

Bio energy involves a range of power generation technologies that extract clean, low-emission electricity from sources such as agricultural crop wastes, plantation wood waste, urban garden and food waste, sewage and animal wastes.

Bio energy generates power using a renewable fuel source that can be grown and stored. Plant material can be used to generate electricity 24 hours a day, 365 days a year as base load power. Landfill gas plants, already in operation across all Australian capital cities, often operate for over 90 per cent of the year, comparable to traditional energy power stations.

Bioenergy currently accounts for nearly 1% of Australia’s electricity production, and 7% of renewable electricity production. Biofuels account for approximately 1-3% of Australia’s fuel consumption.

Australia has a variety of bio energy feed stocks including sugar cane bagasse (sugar cane waste), sewage gas, landfill gas, wood waste, energy crops, agricultural products and their wastes, and municipal solid waste. In Australia most of the energy created from biomass fuels is currently in the form of heat from firewood and bio energy from bagasse and wood waste.

Bioenergy resources are located across all the states of Australia, with most regions engaged in agriculture, forestry and food production producing substantial waste biomass that could be used to support power production.

Blantyre Farms, an innovative commercial piggery situated near Young in the region’s North West, produces methane from animal waste to power their farming operations using biogas generators. The south east NSW-ACT region has a number of landfill gas sites producing electricity including facilities at ShoalhavenWoodlawn and the ACT’s Resource Management Centres at Mugga Lane and West Belconnen. Veolia’s 6MW Bioreactor at Woodlawn – where methane gas is harvested from putrescible waste to produce electricity, has plans to boost their generation capacity by a further 1MW each year.

Information above from a variety of sources including: www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au

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